Séminaire Ifpo (DEC) et SHAKK

vendredi 3 décembre 2021

14h-16h (Beirut Time)

Ifpo-Beyrouth

salle Fairuz

Couvrir la guerre à distance : l’évolution des pratiques journalistiques dans le cas du bureau de Beyrouth de l’Agence France Presse

 

Maena Berger (doctorante, Ehess-Ifpo)

Dans le cadre d’une thèse portant sur les transformations contemporaines du travail journalistique en temps de guerre, cette présentation vise à dresser un premier état des lieux d’une enquête en cours qui porte sur la production de l’information sur la Syrie par le bureau de Beyrouth de l’Agence France Presse (AFP).

            En 2021, cette « couverture médiatique » s’effectue à travers un large réseau de journalistes pigistes syriens présents dans les zones non contrôlées par le régime. Pourtant, au début des premiers mouvements révolutionnaires en mars 2011, l’agence de presse ne disposait d’aucun correspondant sur place, à l’exception des journalistes du bureau de Damas, qui ne pouvaient produire qu’une information extrêmement limitée et restreinte à la capitale syrienne. S’ajoute à cela la dangerosité, puis l’impossibilité de se rendre sur d’autres terrains.

            Cette présentation propose d’interroger la manière dont ces conditions sont venues bousculer les pratiques journalistiques ordinaires, comment l’équipe de Beyrouth a cherché à trouver des sources fiables, puis à les former pour en faire des producteurs professionnels de l’information. Quelles ressources organisationnelles et individuelles ont-elles été mobilisées pour construire et intégrer ce réseau au sein de l’AFP ? Sur quels critères les pigistes ont-ils été recrutés et comment ont-ils été formés ? Les premières observations et les entretiens semi-directifs réalisés au sein du bureau de Beyrouth de l’AFP, permettent d’apporter des pistes de réflexions et surtout d’éclairer ce processus de mise en œuvre d’un réseau, de ses implications professionnelles, à la fois pour l’agence transnationale et pour ces journalistes pigistes.

discutants: Anna Poujeau (Ifpo-CNRS) et Matthieu Rey (Ifpo-MEAE)

Maena Berger

Maena Berger is a PhD student at EHESS and PhD associate at Ifpo Beirut. Her research focuses on the contemporary transformation of journalistic work during wartime. More specifically, she looks at the co-production” of information among development actors (NGOs), journalists from international and national media, press agencies (AFP, Reuters, AP), and mostly on the fixers” who play a mediator role between those different professional worlds. Her case study is the Syrian war which has been, since 2011, the subject of many media reports. Despite very complicated and risky access to Syria, the production of information was still very intense, thanks to the fixers” who played a decisive role. Beyond simple logistical assistance (translation, transfer, the introduction of key actors…), they affect the narrative in the media. This is particularly the case in Syria since it was nearly infeasible for western journalists to go there. Therefore the fixers” became almost the only ones to be able to transfer and to pass through the information needed to cover this war. This shift is revealed by the relocation of the productions spot to the neighbouring countries.
This thesis aims for an understanding of the international division of journalistic work from those local social spaces where all the main actors are. It also asks more general questions regarding source access and conflict analyses while it’s not possible to go to the relevant country. Her fieldwork is located mainly in Lebanon and Turkey but also in Iraqi Kurdistan and Jordan.

Maena Berger (Ehess, Ifpo)

Maena Berger est doctorante en Sociologie à l’EHESS, rattachée à l’Ifpo de Beyrouth. Ses recherches portent sur les transformations contemporaines du travail journalistique en temps de guerre. Plus spécifiquement, elle travaille sur les logiques de « co- production » de l’information entre les acteurs du développement, les journalistes des grands médias internationaux et des agences de presse et, surtout, sur leurs intermédiaires, les « fixeurs », qui jouent un rôle de « passeurs » entre ces mondes professionnels. Son cas d’étude est la guerre en Syrie qui fait l’objet, depuis 2011, de nombreux reportages par les différents médias. Malgré un accès extrêmement complexe et risqué sur le territoire syrien, la production d’information sur la Syrie est en effet restée intense. Pour cela, le rôle des fixeurs, ces hommes et femmes qui aident les journalistes travaillant sur des terrains difficilement accessibles, a été déterminant. Au-delà d’une simple aide logistique (traductions, organisation des déplacements, mise en contact…), ils ont une réelle influence sur le récit médiatique. C’est d’autant plus le cas en Syrie puisque, les journalistes occidentaux ne pouvant que très rarement se rendre sur place, les fixeurs sont peu à peu devenus les seuls à être en capacité de transmettre, de faire circuler les informations nécessaires à la couverture de cette guerre. La délocalisation des lieux de production d’information dans les pays limitrophes est révélateur de ce basculement. Cette thèse vise ainsi à saisir la division internationale du travail journalistique par ces espaces sociaux locaux où circulent les principaux acteurs de l’information et pose des questions plus générales d’accès aux sources et d’analyses des conflits sans accès direct aux pays concernés. Ses enquêtes de terrain se situent principalement au Liban et en Turquie ainsi qu’au Kurdistan irakien et en Jordanie. 

Stage SHAKK à l’Institut français du Proche-Orient

Appel à candidature

Offre de stage de 6 mois à l’Ifpo Département des études contemporaines

Beyrouth-Liban.

Appel à candidature pour un stage d’assistant.e de recherche au sein du programme de recherche financé par l’ANR « SHAKK. De la révolte à la guerre en Syrie. Conflits, déplacements, incertitudes ».

Profil requis

. Être incrit.e en Master 1 ou Master 2 en sciences humaines et sociales. 

. Être arabisant, francophone ou anglophone. 

. Avoir un fort intérêt pour la Syrie contemporaine, les relations internationales, la science politique et le droit international. 

Mission principale 

. L’assistant.e de recherche aura pour tâche de réaliser sous la supervision de la directrice de stage une recherche documentaire sur les résolutions internationales principalement politiques et juridiques concernant le conflit syrien depuis 2011 jusqu’à nos jours et de les constituer en fond documentaire structuré afin de réaliser une chronologie analytique  la plus exhaustive possible des résolutions prises au niveau international (principalement par les Nations Unis), par certains pays étrangers (France, Allemagne, Pays-Bas, États-Unis) ainsi que les autorités syriennes pour certains sujets à préciser (droit à la propriété, gestion des exilés et de leur éventuel retour, etc.). 

. L’assistant.e de recherche aura également pour tâche de produire en collaboration avec la directrice de stage un état de l’art sur la question. 

. Pendant la durée du stage la ou le candidat.e retenu.e sera formé.e aux problématiques et enjeux liés au programme de recherche SHAKK. 

Missions secondaires

. Participer à la vie scientifique du programme de recherche et de l’UMIFRE (séminaires, journées d’étude).  Participer à la rédaction du Carnet de recherche du programme.  

Compétences

. Bonne connaissance de la Syrie contemporaine.

. Capacité à traiter et à assimiler la documentation en langue arabe, anglaise et française.

. Capacité de synthèse.

. Les qualités rédactionnelles en français et/ou en anglais peuvent être imparfaites.

. Capacité à travailler en équipe.

. Date limite de dépôt de candidature : 20 octobre 2021.

. Début de stage : 1er décembre 2021.

. Durée du stage : 6 mois.

. Indemnité de stage : en conformité avec la réglementation française (600,60 €/mois).

. Lieu : Institut français du Proche Orient (USR 3135/UMIFRE 6), Beyrouth -Liban, (en présentiel).

Début du stage : 1er décembre 2021.

CV et lettre de motivation sont à envoyer à Anna Poujeau et Matthieu Rey

 

Internship SHAKK at Ifpo

Call for applications

 

Internship offer for 6 months at the French Institute of the Near East, Department of Contemporary Studies, Beirut-Lebanon.

 

Call for applications for an internship as an assistant researcher in the ANR funded research program “SHAKK. From revolt to War in Syria. Conflicts, displacements, uncertainties“. 

Required profile

. Be enrolled in a Master 1 or Master 2 in humanities and social sciences.

. Be fluent in Arabic, French and English.

. Have a strong interest in contemporary Syria, international relations, political sciences and international law.

Main mission

. Under the supervision of the internship director, the research assistant will have to carry out documentary research on international resolutions, mainly political and legal, concerning the Syrian conflict from 2011 to the present day, and to build up a structured documentary background in order to produce the most exhaustive time line possible of political and legal resolutions taken at the international level (mainly by the United Nations), by some foreign countries (France, Germany, the Netherlands, the United States) as well as by the Syrian authorities concerning certain subjects (property rights, management of exiles and their eventual return, etc.).

. The research assistant will also have the task of producing, in collaboration with the internship director, a state of the art on the issue.

. During the internship, the successful candidate will be trained on the issues and challenges related to the SHAKK research program.

Secondary missions

. Participate in the scientific life of the research program (research seminars, workshops).

. Participate in the writing of the program’s Research Blog.

Skills

. Good knowledge of contemporary Syria.

. Ability to process and assimilate documentation in Arabic, English and French.

. Ability to synthesize.

. Writing skills in French and/or English may be imperfect.

. Ability to work in a team.

Dates

. Application deadline: October 20, 2021.

. Internship start date: December 1, 2021.

Requirements

. Duration of the internship: 6 months.

. Internship allowance: in accordance with French regulations (600,60 €/month).

. Location: French Institute of the Near East (USR 3135/UMIFRE 6), Beirut- Lebanon, (presential).

Start of the internship: December 1st, 2021.

 CV and cover letter should be sent to Anna Poujeau & Matthieu Rey 

The 10th year of the Syrian Revolution

4 webinars on important issues of the Syrian revolution by researchers and activists from Syria and MENA region
with Zaina Erhaim, Yasmin Fedda, Wafa Mustafa, Imad Amer, Jalal al-Husseini, Yahya Hakoum and Assaad al-Achi

Ten years ago, in the wake of the Arab Spring, the Syrian Revolution began. Syrian men and women of all ages and all social and religious backgrounds took to the streets of their country’s cities and villages to demonstrate and demand freedom and dignity. The history of the Syrian Revolution began with a collective and courageous political gesture. The voices of those who had been silent for 40 years for fear of repression were heard.

 Bashar al-Assad and his regime have used every possible means to silence dissenting voices: live fire on demonstrators, snipers, arbitrary arrests and detentions, enforced disappearances, torture, rape, assassinations, massacres. Bombings, the siege of villages and towns, chemical weapons, barrels of explosives dropped on homes from helicopters, forced displacements, etc. threw millions of Syrians on the roads of exile.

The UNHCR counts about 6.6 million internally displaced people in Syria, 5.5 million refugees in neighbouring countries and 1 million in the rest of the world. Syrians are the largest refugee population in the world. The war has probably claimed more than 700,000 lives. There are about 100,000 missing persons, mostly in Syrian jails, but also in the hands of jihadist and Islamist factions. The Syrian regime, as well as HTS (formerly al-nosra) which controls the Idleb region, have not stopped arbitrary arrests and detentions.

Despite the ten years that have passed since the beginning of the Syrian Revolution, many Syrians continue their activism from their place of exile. 2021 marks an anniversary that they are seizing on in different ways to both commemorate the initial political gesture, the desire for freedom that the demonstrators proclaimed together across the country, and also to remind that their struggle continues and that the spirit of the Syrian Revolution is still present among them.

Through a series of 4 webinars on important issues of the Syrian revolution, researchers and activists from Syria and MENA region will present their work :

Monday 17th May                                   

03:00-04:30 am (Beirut time)/ 02:00-03:30 am (Berlin time)/ 01:00-02:30 am (London time)

Women’s roles and experiences in the revolution and war

Registration

‘Syrian women revolt against every authority!’
Poster courtesy of The Syrian People Know Their Way collective.

 

Speaker.  Zaina Erhaim is an award winning journalist and feminist, working as gender and communications consultant for different international organizations in MENA region, she also writes for different outlet such as NewLines magazine, Open Democracy and others.

Zaina has an MA in International Journalism from City University of London and BA in media from Damascus University. She contributed to three books related to women, journalism, and war, and made two series of short films highlighting the women’s perspective of the Syrian conflict. 

Discussants : Charlotte al-Khalili (UCL, Anthropology) and Anna Poujeau (Ifpo-CNRS). 


Tuesday 18th May                                           

03:00-04:30 am (Beirut time)/ 02:00-03:30 am (Berlin time)/ 01:00-02:30 am (London time)

Enforced disappearances

Registration  

Speaker.  Yasmin Fedda is an award winning filmmaker and artist. She will present her film Ayouni

Noura and Machi search for answers about their loved ones – Bassel Safadi and Paolo Dall’Oglio, who are among the over 100,000 forcibly disappeared in Syria. Faced with the limbo of an overwhelming absence of information, hope is the only thing they have to hold on to. ‘Ayouni’ is a deeply resonant Arabic term ofendearment – meaning ‘my eyes’ and understood as ‘my love’. Filmed over 6 years and across multiple countries in search of answers, Ayouni is an attempt to give numbers faces, to give silence a voice, and to make the invisible undeniably visible.

Trailer  (with subtitles), a vimeo limited link to watch the film will be sent to everyone who register.

Discussant. Wafa Mustafa is an activist, a journalist, and a survivor from detention. She comes from Masyaf, a city in the Hama Governorate, western Syria. She left the country on 9 July  2013, exactly a week after her father was forcibly disappeared by the regime in Damascus. She moved to Turkey and began reporting on Syria for various media outlets. In 2016, she moved to Germany and continued her interrupted studies in Berlin where she studied Arts and Aesthetics at Bard College and graduated in Spring 2020. Like many of other families, Wafa doesn’t know what has happened to her father, Ali Mustafa. He was arrested once before in August 2011 due to his humanitarian efforts to help internally displaced people fleeing from Hama city to Masyaf. In her advocacy, Wafa Mustafa covers the impact of detention on young girls and women and families.

Wafa Mustafa stands outside the Koblenz Court (Germany) with the portrays of her father Ali Mustafa and others men, women and children forcibly disappeared during the first criminal trial worldwide on state torture in Syria (April 2020).

 

Moderators. Cécile Boëx (CéSor, Ehess) and Anna Poujeau (Ifpo, CNRS).


Wednesday 19th May                              

03:00-04:30 am (Beirut time)/ 02:00-03:30 am (Berlin time)/ 01:00-02:30 am (London time)

 MAGYC & SHAKK   

Trajectories, settlements and narratives of Syrian refugees in Lebanon and Jordan  

Registration 

Syrian children back from school in the Zaatari Refugee camp in Jordan. (Photo: Kamel Doraï)

Speaker. Imad Amer (Ifpo, Magyc)

Discussant.  Jalal al-Husseini (Ifpo, Magyc) 

Syrian Refugees in Lebanon: The Politics of No Policies

The lack of clarity and consistency on behalf of the Lebanese authority’s politics towards the Syrian refugees has left question and concerns in this regard unresolved to date.  Indeed, the absence of one or more specific institutional references, the variety of influential actors and decision makers, as well as the glaring absence of national public policies from the central government directing local authorities’ responses have created a highly complex legal and political landscape.  

Yet, despite the variety of actors involved, including but not restricted to, informal local bodies such as sectarian groups, political parties, Non-governmental organizations and international entities, the central government has nonetheless retained a degree of control on few specific aspects vis a vis this file. As such, education, security, and major international funding and response remained exclusive to and under the mandate of the Government and its associated relevant ministries.  Arguably, the Government has also capitalized on the Syrian refugees crisis as a means to amass international funds while simultaneously lagging behind on granting refugees their basic human rights. 

In this meeting, we will discuss the policies of the Lebanese state through the laws issued by the Parliament, resolutions and decrees issued by the central government and relevant ministries, their impact and their implementation. The presentation will also explain the role of various municipalities and their interaction with such policies, and the role of security institutions in the response to the refugee crisis. 

Moderators. Kamel Doraï (Ifpo-MEAE) and Anna Poujeau (Ifpo-CNRS)


Thursday 20th May                                

03:00-04:30 am (Beirut time)/ 02:00-03:30 am (Berlin time)/ 01:00-02:30 am (London time)

Local and Provincial Councils

 Registration  

Session en French language

Speaker.  Yahya Hakoum (phd candidate, Sciencespo, CERI)

L’émergence des conseils locaux dans les zones rebelles en Syrie entre 2011-2018

Durant la révolution et le conflit qui suivit, au sein des zones libérées de la présence du régime, les conseils locaux furent créés dans le but de pallier à l’absence d’institutions administratives et étatiques. Selon les contextes socio-politiques, les conseils locaux ont pris des formes, des trajectoires et des mobilisations différentes en fonction des répertoires d’actions et des ressources utilisées par les acteurs. Dans cette communication, je décrirai et analyserai les différentes caractéristiques de ces conseils locaux afin de mesurer la portée des transformations socio-politiques engendrées par les mobilisations et les nouvelles pratiques de participation citoyenne suscitée par l’adaptation de l’idée de la création d’un conseil local.

Deux cas où les conseils locaux sont toujours actifs seront approfondis à partir d’un recueil de données qui s’appuiera sur une documentation de leurs projets et actions et des mobilisations en cours dans la zone d’Idlib sous influence islamiste et dans la zone nord d’Alep sous influence turque.

Discussant. Assaad Al Achi Directeur exécutif de Baytna WWW.BAYTNA.ORG

 Moderator.  Anna Poujeau (Ifpo-CNRS)

 

ANR
ANR
Ifpo

 

 

Webinar MAGYC & SHAKK Ifpo Beirut

Trajectories, settlements and narratives of Syrian refugees in Lebanon and Jordan 

Link: 

Inscription à la réunion – Zoom

Organisers :
Imad Amer (Ifpo), Kamel Doraï (Ifpo), Anna Poujeau (Ifpo)

 

Second session

21th April 2021

03:00-05:00 Beirut time

02:00-04:00 Paris Time

01:00-03:00 London Time

 
Speaker : Dr. Faten Kikano, Collège de Rosemont-Canada (Centre d’études en responsabilité sociale et écocitoyenne – Cérsé)
Discussant : Kamel Doraï (Ifpo-CNRS-MEAE)

The freedom to settle, a poisoned gift: the case of Syrian refugees in Lebanon

Organized camps for Syrian refugees have been prohibited in Lebanon, a decision for which the international community praised the country. However, concurrently with their urban “inclusion”, the Lebanese state excluded Syrian refugees from institutional systems. More than 70% are deprived from a legal status. As a consequence, whether in urban or rural settings, refugee housing is based on informal rent agreements. Deprived from state protection and denied legal recourse, refugees are at the mercy of property owners and other actors, sometimes refugees themselves. In most cases, they pay excessive rent for precarious spaces in which they are constantly at risk of eviction. Similar predatory behaviors occur in their employment in the informal market.

 

Based on a recently submitted doctoral thesis, this presentation shows that, while Lebanon adopted a non-encampement policy to avoid consolidation of refugee spaces and permanence of their asylum, refugees’ institutional exclusion by the Lebanese state increased their vulnerability and prevented them from resettling or repatriating. Their freedom to settle proved to be a poisoned gift, a strategy that facilitates their exploitation and serves the interest of powerful private actors. We conclude that achieving spatial justice for refugees goes beyond the type of space — camp or no-camp — assigned for them. Settling refugees outside camps is often a worthless privilege if it is not combined with their inclusion in host state systems and their institutional, legal, and socioeconomic empowerment.

 

Bio: Faten Kikano is a researcher in the Cérsé, a research center specialized in social innovation and sustainable development. She holds a PhD from the faculty of environmental studies at Université de Montréal. Her research interests focus on understanding refugees’ agency in space utilization. She explores the role of government and non-government stakeholders and the impact of hosting policies on refugees’ institutional, economic, and social conditions and on the process of place-making in refugee spaces. Prior her career as a researcher, she has 20 years of experience as a practitioner in architecture and design and an instructor in the most prestigious universities in Lebanon.

 

Webinar MAGYC & SHAKK Ifpo Beirut

SHAKK (From Revolt to War in Syria: Conflicts, Displacements, Uncertainties)

 MAGYC ( MigrAtion Governance and asYlum Crises)

Trajectories, settlements and narratives of Syrian refugees in Lebanon and Jordan 

Organisers :

Imad Amer (Ifpo), Kamel Doraï (Ifpo), Anna Poujeau (Ifpo)

31th March, 21th April, 19th May, 16th June 2021

link : https://zoom.us/meeting/register/tJYudOqorTgvH9Yp3YwxFYsSSzvssnFAmVZH

    • 03:00-05:00 Beirut time
    • 02:00-04:00 Paris Time
    • 01:00-03:00 London Time

In the frame of a cooperation between the MAGYC and ANR SHAKK research programs, this monthly webinar will explore the issue of Syrian refugees in Lebanon and Jordan in its geographical, sociological, political and economic dimensions while analyzing the events that led to their departure from Syria. Thus, we wish to emphasize the links between the conditions of departure of Syrians from their country and those of their arrival and settlement in Lebanon and Jordan. We will examine both the Syrian military and political strategies deployed to force populations to flee their homes and the political and economic decisions of host countries regarding the settlement of Syrian refugees on their territory.

Within a reflection that crosses historical, sociological, geographical and political perspectives, we will develop three axes of research: one will deal with the legal framework by questioning its writing contexts according to the stages of the conflict in Syria, the political situation within the host countries and the various injunctions of international bodies that shape the question of Syrian refugees; another one dealing with the settlement of Syrian refugees in Lebanon and Jordan by focusing on the trajectories, the formal or informal housing and the legal status of their presence in the host countries through, in particular, the issue of employment. Finally, we will put the narratives of the refugees themselves on their trajectories in Syria and in the host countries into perspective with the different stages of the the conflict as we are able to reconstruct them today and with the Lebanese and Jordanian local policies for refugees host.

Parcours, installations et récits des Syriens réfugiés au Liban et en Jordanie

Dans le cadre d’une coopération entre le programme MAGYC et l’ANR SHAKK, ce webinaire mensuel a pour objectif d’explorer la question des réfugiés syriens au Liban et en Jordanie dans ses dimensions à la fois géographique, sociologique, politique et économique tout en analysant les événements ayant conduits au départ en Syrie. Ainsi, nous souhaitons mettre en perspective les conditions de départ des Syriens de leur pays et celles d’arrivée et d’installation des réfugiés syriens au Liban et en Jordanie en interrogeant à la fois les stratégies militaires et politiques syriennes déployées afin de forcer les populations à fuir leurs maisons et les décisions politiques et économiques des pays d’accueil concernant l’installation des réfugiés syriens sur leur territoire.

Au sein d’une réflexion croisant des perspectives  historiques, sociologiques, géographiques et politiques nous déployons trois pistes de recherche : l’une portant sur les textes officiels de lois et de décrets en interrogeant leurs contextes de rédaction à la fois du point de vue de l’avancée du conflit en Syrie, de la situation politique du pays d’accueil et des diverses injonctions des instances internationales régulant la question des réfugiés syriens ; un autre portant sur l’installation en tant que telle des réfugiés syriens au Liban et en Jordanie en s’intéressant aux parcours, aux habitats formels ou informels et aux statuts juridiques de leurs présences dans les pays d’accueil à travers notamment la question de l’emploi, enfin nous chercherons à mettre en perspective les récits des réfugiés eux-mêmes sur leurs parcours en Syrie et dans le pays d’accueil avec l’histoire du conflit tel que nous pouvons la reconstituer aujourd’hui et celle des politiques locales  libanaise et jordanienne d’accueil des réfugiés.

First session

31th March, 2021. 03:00-05:00 Beirut time

Speakers:

Sawsan Abou Zainedin & Hani Fakhani Both Syrian architects and urban development practitioners with master’s degrees from the Bartlett’s Development Planning Unit at UCL. They co-found SAKAN, a programme aimed at developing alternative recovery-driven housing models in Syria.

Discussant:

Sari Hanafi (American University of Beirut) 

The Urbicide of Syria

The session will deconstruct the concept of urbicide in the Syrian context and its correlations with displacement and return to demonstrate how the urban sphere has been manipulated by the Syrian regime as part of a systematic strategy to enforce demographic engineering and consolidate authoritarian power.

Bios:

Sawsan Abou Zainedin is a Syrian architect and urban development planner. Her work tackles the impact of urban processes and reconstruction efforts on social justice and peace. She has worked in research, and international and local development with academic institutions, think tanks, INGOs, Syrian civil society organizations and media outlets. Sawsan is a Chevening scholar. She holds MSc in Urban Development Planning with distinction from the Bartlett’s Development Planning Unit of University College London. She holds a post-graduate diploma from the Institute of Housing and Urban Development Studies at Erasmus University, and a bachelor’s degree in Architecture from the University of Aleppo.

Hani Fakhani is a Syrian architect and urban practitioner. His work focusses on housing and post-conflict reconstruction in Syria through research and practice. He holds a MSc with distinction in Building and Urban Design in Development from University College London where he researched the interrelations between reconstruction, governance, and peace in Syria. He is the co-founder of a private architectural services company that worked on a range of projects including urban regeneration, housing, and public service projects. He is also the co-founded a Syrian local architectural services company in Damascus which won national awards for urban development and infrastructure project proposals with Damascus Municipality and Governorate prior to 2011.